Despite the benefits of apprenticeship, many students do not know about its advantages. This is one of the reasons why educational reformers and youth apprenticeship advocates should address the conflict between theory and practice. The aim of this article is to highlight the benefits of apprenticeship and encourage more youth to engage in apprenticeships.
One of the most important benefits of apprenticeship is that it helps youth gain relevant experience and skills. It also provides a flexible and affordable route to a post-secondary degree. But, there are several challenges to this model. Most of the funding has been in the form of time-limited grants, making it difficult to retain and recruit quality staff. Also, it is difficult to sustain the program after the grant period ends.
The current lack of data on apprenticeship is a significant challenge. Most recruiting and grant funding for apprenticeship programs are directed toward employers. However, most respondents support the concept of a student-apprentice pathway and transferable degrees. Many respondents also find earning while learning to be an attractive feature. In addition, these participants are willing to take on more responsibility at work and school.
In addition, the current level of apprenticeships is low. Only 5% of eligible workers participate in apprenticeships in the U.S., compared to over 60% in some European countries. In order to create the same number of apprenticeships in the U.S., the number of new apprenticeships in the country would have to rise to seven million a year. And the current administration is trying to increase the number of new apprenticeships by 2022, which is a big step forward.
In addition to its capacity to develop skills, apprenticeships have also been known to enhance dispositions and vocational identities. Despite its positive effects, apprenticeships are not without challenges. This article highlights the nature of apprenticeships and draws on a study of 41 apprentices conducted in New Zealand. The study concluded that significant learning occurs in the context of personal values and societal norms.
Youth apprenticeships are especially useful for solving the problems faced by youth in the labor market. According to a study conducted by Rosenbaum, Stern, Hamilton, and Berryman, youth aged 18 to 27 years in the U.S. held six different jobs in total and experienced four to five periods of unemployment. By providing work experience, youth can earn while they learn, making higher education a more viable possibility. They could also increase the likelihood of independence.
The apprenticeship model is still as relevant as it was one hundred years ago. It requires mutual trust between teachers and learners. Students need to be actively involved in the real-life situations. It requires a rich case-mix in outpatient clinics and wards, and multi professional teams need to be creative in training apprentices. It is also important to recognize tacit knowledge and attitudes and transfer them through role-modelling.
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